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传奇线上正网【weiwu53.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。明港挖街美容美发化妆学校(原邢台敖袒略工贸有限公司)成立于1996年,占地面积42911平方米,362电脑版网址其中生产厂房占地8104平方米,仓库面积占地0149平方米。固定资产3400万元,流动资产0272万元,干部职工共172人,工程技术人员73人。传奇线上正网ChenHuaiResearchReportNo133,2001Atpresent,suggestedmeansforthereductionofstatesharesmainlyincludesale,,however,thisproblemcannotbesolvedcomp(SICs)playthe"majorrole",largeinvestmentcompaniesreferto,toputitbluntly,istofoster"aprimary-and-halfmarket".SICsfirstacquirethestatesharessoreducedandthen,inacertainform,loselyintegratetheshort-termgoalsofsupplementing"sell"partofstate-ownedassets,itisaimedatsolvingfourma,howtoturnstate-ownedassetsintofundstosupplementthesocialsecurityfund;secondly,howtopromotethemulti-polarizedreformoftheequitystructureofthelargeandmedium-sizedstateenterprisesandtoestablishastandardandregulatorycorporategovernancesystem;thirdly,howtoenhancetheoverallcontrollingcapabilityofthestate-ownedeconomy;andlastly,howtoregulatethesecuritiesmarketandputanendtotheab,intheformof"cashing",ofrealizingaredistributionofthepropertyrightsofthestate-ownedassets,aprocessofboostingthemulti-polarizedtransformationoftheequityofstate-ownedenterprisesandadvancingformationofacorporatemanagementsystem,,afteracquisitionofshares,donotsimplyholdsuchsharesandsellthematahighpriceattherighttime,theywillalsoactasrepresent,thebasicpatternoftheequitysystemofthestate-ownedassetsinChinastandslikethis:"TheStateCouncilexercisestherighttostate-ownedassetsonbehalfofthestateinaunifiedmanner;thecentralandlocalgovernmentsadministerthestate-ownedassets;thelargeenterprises,enterprisegroupsandholdingcompaniesareauthorizedtooperatethestate-ownedassets".Withinthisframework,ryshareholderandtheydominatetheentireindustryorsector,enterprisesareactuallystillunderthecontroloflocalgovernmentsorcompetentdepartments,therefore,itisverydiff,theboardofdirectorsofanenterprisecannotprotectther,itisnecessarytofindsomekiocalbenefitsandtheformerstateshareholdersseparatelyholdthestateequities,isitpossibletorealizepluralisticequitiesoftheseentertransformthestructureofequitiesover-concentratedonaunita15thCentralCommitteeofChina’sCommunistParty,thebasicfunctionsofSICsshouldshiftfromthefocusofin,theequityofstate-ownedassetsshallbelikewisetransferredfromtheholdingcompaniesaimedatproduct,SICsshallbethemainholdersandoperatorsofthestate-ownedassetsand,inasense,reprete-ownedshares:Firstly,rvaluedeductionofthepledgedstock,andthentheycanacquirethereducedstatesharesconstantlyinarollingwayofpurchase,pledgeforloanandfurtherpurchase;secondly,thestate,inthecapacityofinvestor,providesagivenamountoffundsincashorinkindtoSICsasseedcapital,theincreaseofstateinvestmentmaytaketheformofeithercashordirectallocation;andlastly,anumberofinvestmentfundsaresetupandmanagedbySICs,whichareexclusivelyusedforreductionofthestateshares....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangWenkuiResearchReportNo151,1329China’,thetotalnumberoflistedcompaniesinChinaisonlyalittlemorethan1,,thesecompaniesholdanevermoreimportantpositioninChinasnationaleconomy,andtheireconomica,therestructuringoflistedcompaniesisgettingpopular,havingposedaneye-catchingphenomenoninChinaseconomiclife,,thenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’,thenumberofmajorrestructuringcaseshit148asquotedintheNoticeonStandardizingListedCompaniesMajorPurchases,China’slistedcompaniesareuniqueintermsoftheirequitystructure,performanceandmanagement,ticsanddigouttherootoftheproblemsthatdogtherestructuringofChina’’sListedCompaniesAlthoughrestructuringofChina’slistedcompaniesstartedin1993,,BaoAncorporationp%to18%,ation,,anotherformofrestructuringwithChinesecharacteristicswasinventedbyHengTongCorporationwhenitpurchasedLingGuangCorporation:negotiatedtransferofth,%%ofthestate-heldsharesoftheShanghaiLingguangIndustrialCompany,theparentcompanyofLingGuang,,there,someChina’slistedcompaniesfoundthemselvesinfinancialdifficultyin1995and1996andsomeeveninred,whichgaverisetoaspecialtreatmentgroup(knownastheSTcompaniesonthestockmarket).Theemergenceoftheloss-incurringcompaniesandtheSTgroupmeantthatsomelistedcompanieswouldbedisqualringonregionaleconomies,localgovernmentswouldtryeverymeanstokeeptheirlistedcompaniesgoingonthestockmarketortoqualifythemforallotment,whichinturnledtothe,theShanghaiMunicipalGovernmenttooktheleadinthecountrytoproposetherestructuringoflistedcompaniesinfinancialmirestoretaintheir"shell"andqualifythemfortheallotmentofnewshares,andalsopickedoutagroupoflistedcompaniessuchasZhongChengShiYeandLianHeShiYe,lGovernmentwascopiedbyonelocalgovernmentafteranother,ofpolarizationamongenterprises,restructuringmastermindedbylocalgovern’slistedcompaniesisviewedbroadly,itcanbediscov’slistedcompaniesarefairlyspecialintermsoforigin,relationshipwiththegovernment,financialpreference,’"Keepshellforallotmentandborroworbuyshell"AfairlylargenumberofcasesofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanieshavebeeninitiatedtowardthegoalofkeepinglistedcompaniesinactionorqualifyingthemfortheallotmentofnewshares,orsellingsharesunderthe"shell",Chineseenterprisesh,thestockmarketsofthecountryarestillattheirearlystageofdevelopmentandgenerallyinshortsupply,thestockmarkethassmallrestrictionstoandpressureonlistedcompanies,thecostsforraisingfundsthroughstocktradingaremuchsmallerthanthosefordirectloans,andalmostnoresponsibilitiesareinvolved,,however,Chineseenterprisesfacemuchtighterrestrictionsthan,somelatecomersandnewlyestablishedhi-techornon-governmentalenterprises,inparticular,,the"shell""shell"resourcesbyrestructuring,ortotakethechanceofrestructuringtoseize,keepholdof,ormakefulluseofthese"shell"resourcescontinuallyisinlinewithboththeinterehofsomeotherstothnstitutionalequitiesisthemainmodeofrestructuringofChina’slistedcompanies,and’a’slistedcompaniesaccountforabout62%ofthetotal,negotiatedtransferofstate-ownedandinstitutionalequitieshasnaturallybecomeamodeofrestructuringthatcanb,thismodecane,,andisconducivetothepromotionoftherestructuringofChina’,however,toexposetheinterestsofsmallshareholderstoharmswhencomparedwithacquisitiononthesecondarymarket.。

    ZhouHongchunDingNingningSocialDevelopmentResearchDepartmentofDRCAtatimewhenChinaisfurtherimprovingitsmarketeconomyandisopeningevenwidertotheoutsideworld,howshouldthegovernmentadministeretheinitiationofreformandopeningupIntheearly1980swhenChinaputforwardthegrandgoalof"quadruplingthenationaleconomybytheendofthecentury",quadrupled,theyestimatedthatwhenthenationaleconomywasquadrupled,,China’,energyexpertssuggestedthatthecentralauthoritiesshouldgiveequalprioritytobothenergydevelopmentandcons,whichtookitasaguidingprincipleforthecountry’,theStateCouncilEnergyConservationWorkingMeetingSystemwasestablished,aspecialenergyconservationfundwassetup,andpoliciesontaxpreferentialtreatment,,,China’,theaggregateamountofChina’,,,worth964billionyuan,,asmuchas290billionyuringresultingfromachangeinthecountry’,theproportionofthelightindustryinthenationaleconomyroserapidly,,,thestructuraloptimizationandtechnologicalprogressintheilddependo’ssternenergyprospectFirst,finequalityenergyisinshortsupply,erelationshipwithahi’,,Chinaimported70milliontonsofoil,,China’sdomesticoilandnaturalgasconsumptionwillfurtherdependontheinternationalmarket,whichwillbrin,China’spercapitapossessionofenergyresourcesisfarbelowtheworld’’,,,,itspercapitapossessionofcoal,oilandnaturalgaswasrespectivelyonly55percent,11percentand4percentoftheworld’’,China’spercapitacommodityenergyconsumptionislow,’andardcoal,47percentoftheworld’,,,whilethereisagreatpotentialforenergyconservation,’senergyefficiencyisabout32percent,,cementandotherproductsisabout25percentlowerthantheworld’,thereisa,firstly,wemustrealizethatChina’spastachievementsinenergyconservationweremadeagainstabackgroundofextensiveoperationandrampa,wemustalsorealizethattheenergyconservation"opportunities"arisingfromthechangeinthecountry’sdevelopmentstrategyanditseconomicrestructuringwillnotcomeagain,andthattheenergyconservation"dividends"ar,energyconservationinthefuturewilldependmainlyontechnologicalprogress,,theperiodoflowcommodityenergyconsumptioncoin’spercapitaconsumptionofcommodityenergyislessthanhalfoftheworld’saveragelevel,itstotalamountofgreenhousegasemissionsranksthesecondintheworldaember2002,PremierZhuRongjideclare,itfacesa’sdevelopmentlevelisanop,Chinafacesan,China’sproductexportsencounteragreenbarrier--"energyefficiencylabel".WithChina’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,eachandeverydomest,thepetrochemicalindustryandotherenergy-consumingindustries"energyefficiencylabel"system,China’selectromechanicalproducts(includinghouseholdappliances)mustapplyfortheregistrationof"energyefficiencylabel"renergyconsumption,,alltheenergyconservationadministrationdepartmentsinallindustrialministrieshavebeenremoved,andtheenergyconservationadministrationdepart,thegovernment’sadmomyWhilegreatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandinparticularwhiletheundersupplyofdomesticenergyhasimproved,somepeopleraisedthequestionofwhetherthegovernmentshouldc,DRCformedaprojectgroupwiththeresearchersfromtherelevantresourceconservationdepartmentoftheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,theenergyinstituteoftheStateDevelopmentPlanningCommission,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.GuoLihongResearchReportNo157,1335DuringtheNinthFive-YearPlanperiod,Ch,aswestartedfromalowlevel,ourinfrastructureisaweaklinkintheoveralldevelopmentofthecountry,whethercomparedwithindus,asinfrastructurehaspublicandexternalfeatures,itssupplyanddemandcannotbesimplydeterminedintermsof"meetingeffectivedemands",anamplevolumeanticipatingandspurring(byserviceandprice)Year,thestrategicadjustmentoftheeconomicstructure,withurbanizationasthefocus,menswillboledependsontwofactors:oneiswhethernon-governmentalandoverseascapitalcanbeintroducedintoconstructionprojects;,itisnecessarytodiscusstwocloselyrelatedsubjects:market-driveninvestmerconceptualbasistothisarticle,,the"theoryofnaturalmonopoly"isthebasisonwhichth,governmentinterferenceandgovernmentmonopolyarenecess,"governmentmonopoly"and"governmenttakingoneverything"’economicphilosophythat"thegovernmentnevermeddlesinanythingthatcanbedonebynon-governmentalorganizations".Therefore,itisnotsurprisingthatin,transportationandtelecommunic,,forthesehighwayswerefreeofcharge,and,thefirstprivately-ownedtollhighway,theDullesGreenwayinVirginia,tricity,TVAwasestablishedonlyafteradozenyear,theUnitedStatesisanationwherethetheoryo"naturalmonopoly",thegovernmentmustenactl,eventhegovernmenthastointerfereinormonopolizecertainsectorswiththeaimtomaintainsocialjusticeortoremedymarketfailure,ratherthantocarryouttheaprioriconceptthat"onlybyexercisinggovernmentalmonopolycanthecostofatradebelowered".InChina,nearlyalleconomicsectorswgeneraltheoryofseekingprofit(includingthetheoryofnaturalmonopoly).ureEuropeann,GermanytendedtoexercisestatemonopolyinproductionbeforeWorldWar’saviationindustry,forthegovernmentprovidedthatitmustoperateonmorethanhalfofthenation,whentheKohladministrationnegatedtheideaofall-roundgovernmentinterference,thereweresome4,elecommunications,,Franceturned21ofthe58governmentalenterprisesintoprivateonesbutkeptthoseinelectricity,gas,coal,aviation,,whichmadeitdifficulttoadapttoeconomicglobalization;theleaststhatatacertainstageofeconomicdevelopment,,norcanitbeexplainedbytherationalizationof"affirmingthepresentwhilenegatingthepast"....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米WangMengkui,LuBaipuandLuZhongyuanResearchReportNo045,pmodernizationstrategy,Chinahascompletedthe,Chinaenteredanewstageofmovingtowarditsthird-stepstrateg,China’,,China’,,,,China’,thenationalwealthincreasedandtheoutputsofmainindustrialandagriculturalproductsrosedramatically,,commodityscarcitythathadlongassociatedwithChina’seconomicdevelopmentanditspeople’,China’seconomicdevelopmentha,thepercapit’,China’spercapitaGDP,slightlyhigherthantheaveragepercapitaGNP,eChineseeconomy:considerableeconomicstrength,whiletherelativelylowpercapitalevel(Chinaranked140thamongthe206economiesintheworldintermsofaveragepercapitaGNPin1999)’,theEng,thenumberofpoverty-strickenpeoplefellbyabigmarginfrom250millionin1978to30millionin2000,,,thoughstillintheinitialstage,,twohistoricalstrideshavebeenmadeinthelivelihoodofurbanandruralresidents:frompovertytohavingenoughfoodandclothing,,whichhasplaguedthecountryforcenturies,’sindustrialstructure,manufacturingstrengthandexportstructure,wecanconcludethatChin,whilethetotalamountofagriculturalproductshasincreasedrapidly,the,thesupplyofagriculturalproductsrealizedahistoricalchangethankstotheswiftdevelopmentofagriculturefromapro,,diversifiedoperationsreplacedtheunitarystructureofagriculturalproduction,,whilethetotalpopulationincreasedby300million,,,suchasrawmaterials,energyandtransport,thathadlongrestrainedChina’seconomicdevelopment,,,arelativelycompleteindustrialsystemisalreadyinplaceandinparticularthemanufacturingindustryisabletoprovideaconglygreatcontributionsandthehigh-andnew-techindustrieshavebecomeanimpor,whiletheexportsofagriculturalandotherprimaryproductshaveincreasedrapidly,,,,theindustrialstructureisobviouslymovingfromtheprimaryleveltotheadvancedlevel,fromaseriousimbalancetoabasicrationality,andfrommainlymeetingbasicneedfoundationforthebasiceconomicsystemandtheoperationsystemthatconformtoChina’,commercialization,industrializa;theevolutioniscontinuinginwhichthepublicownershipplaystheleadingroleandtheeconomiesofdiverseownershipsdevelopsimultaneously;,’smacro-regulatoryabilityisvisiblygreaterthankstotheestablishmentofamofthemarketeconomy,andthemodeofdistributionthatintegrateslaborwithosobroughta,thebasicroleofthemarketinresourceallocationhasbecomes,theindexofChina’,th....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    利来ag真人在线LuZhiqiangResearchReport,,2000(Total1284)–,utit,:,aGerman,consideredthatglob,mostscholarsconsideredthatglobalizationshouldhavebegunfromthefirstindustrialrevolutionattheendofthe18thcentury,"globalization"firstappearedin1944,,accordingly,thatglobalizationtookshapeinthhtworldwideattentioninthe20thcenturywhereasthethirdjudgemento,thereareglaringgapsinpeople’sworldwidebecomeincreasinglycloserandthodeofproductionandtheenlargementofthemarketeconomicsystemintheentireworld,therefore,globalizationmeansWesternization,,theLisbongroupcomposingofscholarsfrommanycountriesconsiderthatglobalizationincludesthefollowingsevenaspects:theglobalizationofthepossessionoffinanceandcapital,theglobalizationofmarketandmarketstrategy,theglobalizationoftechnology,relatedscientificresearchanddevelopmentaswellasknowledge,theglobalizationoflivingstyleandthemodeofconsumptionaswellasculturallife,theglobalizationoftheadjustmentcapabilityandpoliticalcontrol,theglobalizationoftheworl,economy,science,technology,,thereislessdisagreementoneconomicglobalization,however,itcouldonlyberoughlydefinedasfollows:theinter-countryflowofcommodities(includingservices),informationandfactorsofproduction,theincreasingdegreeofmutualdependenceoftheeconomiesofallcountries,tcloseattentionwasmainlyattributedtothreephenomenathatemergedinandafterthemid-1980sintheworldeconomy:First,,theglobalcapitaltransactionvolumewasonlyUS$5,000billion,itincreasedsharplytoUS$35,000billionin1992,andisexpectedtoreachoverUS$80,mentCo,thetotalamountofmarketcapitalofthe48largestsecurityexchangesintheworldstoodatUS$31,700billionattheendof1999,surpassingtheworldgrossnationalproductforthefirsttime,andals,itsgrowthrate,,theaveragegrowthrateofgrossdomesticproductwas1%,buttheaverageannualgrowthrateofexportvolumeinglobaltradewasashighas6%%intheyear2000,higherthantheworldeconomicgrowthrate(%).Inaddition,thetradestructurealsounderwentadrasticchange,servicetradeemergedanddevelopedfast,%andaccountingfor20%,,thedevelopmentofdirectinvestmentoverseasandtheotheractivitiesbymultinationalcompaniessurpassedthegrowthrateoftheworldGDPandtrade,thegrowthrateofthesalesvolumeoftheiroverseasbenceoftheworldeconomy,itsinfluenceovertookthatofinternationaltrade,thusrewrit,theworldpoliticalenvironmentunderwentdramaticchanges,,thedétenteofinternationalrelationsprovidedafavorableinternationalenvironmentforthedevelopmentoftheworldeconomy,economicdevelopmenthasbecomeanurgenttaskforallcountries,nAsiaservedasamodelencouragingmoreandmoredevelopingcountriestoimitatethedevelopmentm,theformerrepublicsoftheSovietUnionandEasternEuropeancountriesaswellasthemajorityofsocial,thebreakthroughsinscienceandtechnoloessinoceantransportationandairtransporttechnologiesinthe1980sand1990sgreatlyredu,duringthe1990-1997period,thetransportcostofexportingcommoditiesworldwideaccountedformerely2%,long-distancetelephonecallchargefromNewYorktoLondonperthreeminutesdroppedfromUS$330in1930tomerelyUS$ductionlayoutandmanagementpossible.LiuShijin,YuBinZhangLiqunInthefirsthalfoftheyear,economicgrowthaccelerated,economicefficiencyimproved,,thegrowthofexportstendstodecline,thefoundationforacontinuousexpansionofthedomesticdemandisnotstableyet,%.Thepriorityofthecurrentmacroeconomicpolicyshouldbechangedfrompromotingshort-termeconomicgrowthtosolvingthemajorproblemsfacingthemediumandlong-termdevelomthebeginningofthisyear,economicgrowthdevelopedwiththetrendofquarterlyaccelerationandtheeconomicperformancehadthefollowingfeatures:,,consumptionanddemandforinvestmentallmaintainedahighgrowthrate,andtheoverallincreaseindemandc,inparticular,,foreigntrademaintainedanextraordinarilyhighgrowth,%%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,;whiletheoverallfixedassetsinvestmentincreasedby11%.Theadjustmentandeffectiveapplicationofthemacroeconomicpoliciesinrecentyears,suchastheincreaseofexportrebaterate,thelevyofinteresttax,theimplementationofrealnamesforsavingsdeposits,theprolongedholidays,theincreaseofincomesformiddleandlow-incomegroups,theinterestdiscountbythestatefinancetosupporttechnologicaltransformationofenterprisesandthereformofhousingdistributionsystem,allplayedanimportantroleinpromotingthegrowthofexports,theeconomicgrowth,,obviouslydifferentfromthepatternoftheeconomicperformanceinthepast,themarketdemand-supplypatterndidnotundergoafundamentalchange,,%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear;theresidentconsumptionpriceindex,duetoinfluencebytheincreaseofvariousservicechargestandards,%,suchassteel,cotton,crudeoilandfinishedoil,whichwasassociatedwiththepricefluctuationattheinternationalmarket,thedomesticrestrictionson"fivekindsofsmallenterprises"ctioncapacityisstillrathercommonandstrikinglyhigh,,theelectronic,,,electricitygenerationincreasedbynearly10%ascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,%%,metallurgicalandsugar-makingindustriesproducedsomeresults–%,%,andthegrowthrateofsteelproductiondroppedbyabo,%,,%.,the,,,thenetlossessufferedbythecoalindustrywasreducedby440millionyuanascomparedwiththatofthesameperiodoflastyear,,thegrowthoffiscalandtaxrevenuescontinuedtobefasterthaneconomicgrowth,,thefiscalandtaxrevenuesmaintainedafairlyfastgrowth,however,afterthenon-comparablefactorswerededucted,thefiscal,thenationalfiscalrevenuestotaled624billionyuan,%,%growth,makingthisyear’tionofeconomicgrowth,theimprovementofenterpriseeconomicefficiency,thebullishsecuritiesmarketaswellastheincrea,importtariffcollectedbythecustomsandstamptaxcollectedfromsecuritiestransactionsincreasedby32billionyuan,accountingfor32%ofthetotalincrementalamountoffiscalandtaxrevenues;theenterpriseincometax,incometaxofenter%,35%and50%respectively,,accountingfor26%ofthetotal.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo71,2001Recently,theauthorcarriedoutafieldstudyinfourregions,namely,Shandong,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandZhejiang,onthefinancingsituationofnon-stateenterprises(NSEs).Duringthestudy,theauthorhaddiscussionswithentrepreneursofthenon-stateeconomicsectorand’sBankofChina,thepublicfinancedepartments,theEconomicandTradeCommission,theIndustrialandTradeAssociation,commercialbanks,guarantyagencies,ventureinvestmentcompanies,technologyandpropertyrighttrgovernments,thereisnosignificantchang,thetotalnumberofprivately-ownedenterprises(POEs)inJiangsuProvincereached174,,theprivateeconomiesoftheprovincecontributedRMB170billiontoGDP,representing20%,thetotalvalueoftaxespaidbyself-employedbusinesses(SEBs)hasexceeded12%%,NSEsmainlyconcentrateinthemanufacturing,wholesale/,47%ofthemarefoundinthefivecitiesofNanjing,Suzhou,Wuxi,,ZhejiangProvincedevelopedfromthepreviousagriculturalprovincewithaweakeconomicfoundationtothepresentindustrivinceinChina’,theprivateeconomyhasbecomeamajorcomponentofZhejiangeconomy,andtheproportionofsucheconomyisashighas80%,,;whilethetotalnumberofPOEsinZhejiangwas146,400,with340,economies(SPEs)was16%,exceedingthenetassetsofall,%oftotalvalueof%,thenon-stateeconomyhaschangedthepreviousechelonformofdevelopmentcharacterisedbyfa,thereisstillaconcentrationinthesecondaryindustryandthecommercialwholesale,,therewere188,800self-employedindustrialandcommercialhouseholds(SICHs),800people,,,therewere110,,%overthatofthepreviousyear,representing5%,%,theaverageregisteredcapitalofPOEswasRMB710,000,morethanthatintheotherthreeprovinces(RMB685,000inZhejiang,RMB545,000inJiangsuandRMB428,000inShandong).AsimportancewasattachedtoSPEsbyalldistrictgovernments,theirdevelopmenttendedtobecomebalancedbetweencitydistrictsandsuburbancounties,whichcorrectedt,,,,,%,theNEShasturn,theeconomicgrowthpullingroleofthestate-ownedenterprise(SOEs)hasobviouslyweakenedasaresultofassetrestructuring,la,China’sNEShasdevelopedra,thegrowthrateoftaxrevenuepaidbySEBsinSh,theaverageannualgrowthoftaxespaidbySPEsperannualreached32%,thepr%%.Inparticular,whileSOEslaidoffalargenumberofworkersandweregenerallyincapableofabsorbinganynewlabourforce,theNESservedasanimporta,SEBsinShanghaiandJiangsurecruitedanaccumulativeof228,000andover500,,ShandongProvincere-employed280,rtantroleinpromotingmarketcompetition,improvingcommoditysupplyandservices,facilitatingcommercialisationofscienceandtechnologyresultsandco-ordinatingstate-ownedenterprisereform....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.传奇线上正网重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,LongGuoqiangResearchReportNo66,2000China’,asenseofanxietyappeareddomestically:anexceedinglyhightradedependenceratiomighthaveanadverseeffectonthehealthydevelopmentofChina’’sforthcomingentrytotheWorldTradeOrganization,whetherwemaintainacorrectunderstandingoftradedependenceratiowilldirectlyaffectourasses’stradedependenceratiobyscientificmethodsandarrivingatacorrectun’stradedependenceratioTradedependenceratioofacountryistheratioofthetotalamountofforeigntradeofthatcountrytoitsgrossdomesticproduct(GDP).Theratioisusedtomeasurethedegreeofdependenceofacountry’,tradedependenceratiocanbedividedintotwocategories:degreeofdependenceuponexport,;anddegreeofdependenceuponimport,,itlay,,ideworldinthepast20years,China’,from1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthrateofChina’,,intheyearsbefore1994theRenminbi(RMB),China’(seeChart1)Therapiddevelopmentoftheproce“tradeofprocessingimportedmaterialsprovided”and“tradeofprocessingmaterialsprovidedbyforeignclients”.Inthe18yearsfrom1981through1999,theaverageannualgrowthratesofChina’,,,theaveragean,makingtheratioo’,bothdomesticcontentratioandrateofaddedvalueofprocessingtradehavegoneup,auniquefeatureofthetraderemainstoacertainextent“importandhighexport”.,makinguseoftradedependenceratiowhichincludestheprocessingtrademaytoalargeextentexaggeratethedegreeofdependenceofChina’’stradedependenceratio(1978-1999)Source:’stradedependenceratiocommunityTheoretically,thereisnogenerallyaccep,toacquireacorrectunderstandingofChina’stradedependenceratio,wemustcarryoutanalysiswithChinaplacedinthecontextoftheinternationalcommunityandbycomparingChinaw,thecontinuedriseofChina’,,theaveragerateofwo,thetradedependenceratiooftheeconomiesoftheworld’saveragedegreeofdependenceuponexportrosefrom14percentin1970to25percentin1997(seeChart2).Fromahorizontalpointofview,thehigherthepercapitaincomeofacountry,thehigherthetradedependenceratioofthatcountry(seeTable1).ThisisanotherpieceofevidencedemonstratingthattheriseofChina’stradedependencer,atpresentChina’,China’sforeignexchangeratedevaluedbyabigmarginwhichinturncausedChina’,China’stradedependenceratiohasbeenconsistentlylowerthantheworldaverage(seeChart2).Third,whencarryingoutcomparisonsbetweenChina’stradedependenceratioandthatoftheinternationalcommunity,weshouldtakein,ifotherfactorsarethesame,,thegreaterthetertiaryindustrycomponentinaGDP,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiShantong,LuZhongyuan,HouYongzhi,LiuYongandFengJieAsacomplicatedandhugesystemengineeringundertaking,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectwillgenerateprofoundandlastingimpactonth,itisimperativetocorrectlyhandletherelationshipbetweenwatersavingandwaterdiversion,pollutioncontrolandwatersupply,environmentalprotectionandwaterutilization,pamongwatersupplyareas,waterreceivingareasandareasalongthewaterdiversionroutes,aswellastherela,effortsshouldbemadetostartwatersavingpriortowaterdiversion,andchangethesituationofext,industryandurbanconstruction,whichwillfatallyoffsettheeconomicandsocialef,,China’stotalwaterutilisationforagriculturalfieldirrigationhasreached344billionm3,%,theeffectiveutilisationrateofirrigationwaterisonly30-40%,whilethatofthedevelopedcountriesstandsat70-80%.InChina,grainproductioncapacitypercubicmeterofwaterisonlyaroundonekilogram,%oftheirrigatedareasinChina,thissystemleaksaway130billionm3ofwatereachyear,accountingformorethan70%,waterutilisationinin,theoutputofonetonofsteeluses23-56tonsofwater,whileintheUSA,JapanandGermany,,whileinthedevelopedcountries,,therateofre-utilisationofindustrialwaterisonly30-40%,whileitisover75%%,andinsomecities,itisashighasabove15%.Facedwiththeshortsupplyofwaterresource,thesituationofextensiveutilisation,thesouth-ges,soastoc’sextensiveutilisationandseriouswasteofwaterresourceincludetheoutdatedconceptionsaswellasthewaterre,itisnecessarytocompletethefollowingsixconceptionandinstitutionalchanges:(1)changetheconceptionthatregardswaterasinexhaustible,increasetheawarenessthatfreshwaterresourceislimited;(2)changethepracticeofonlypreventingthedamageofwatertohumanbeings,preventespeciallythedamageofhumanbeingstothewaterresourceaswell,soastoachieveharmoniousco-existenceofmanandnature;(3)changethepracticeoffocusingonwaterresourcedevelopment,utilisationandcontrol,strengthentheappropriateallocation,effectivesavingandreasonableutilisationofwaterresourceonthepremiseofprotectingandimprovingtheecologicalenvironment;(4)changethepracticeofwatersupplybasedondemand,increasewaterutilisationefficiencyandguaranteedwatersupply,makenationaleconomicdevelopmentplansandindustrialdistributionbasedonthedemandandsupplyconditionsofwaterresource;(5)changethepracticeof"givingequalprioritytoopeningupmorechannelsofsupplies,watersavingandpollutioncontrol"to"watersavingfirst,pollutioncontrolmust,andseekingmorewatersupplyfrommultiplechannels";and(6)changethewaterresourcemanagementdispersedinseveraldepartmentsundertheplannedeconomytoacentralizedmanagementthat"coversbothlandandwaterareas",,pollutionalongthebankoftheYangtseRiver–thewatersourceareaoftheeasternrouteofthesouth-to-northwaterdiversionproject–,largevolumeofuntreatedurbanwastewaterisdirectlydischargedintotheRiver,creatingatleastbanwasterwater,thewaterofthewatersourceareaalsoconcealspotentialproblemsofbio-pollutionbyspecificorganismsparticularlyfoundintheSouth,,relevantmeasuresshouldbeadoptedassoonaspossibletocontrolpollutionanddGanziregions,,theysufferfromserioussoilerosioncausedbydegeneratedgrasslands,desertificationandwildrats,whichnotonlyrunagainstwaterconservancyatthesource,butalsoseriouslythreatelutionandecologicaldamagesmalongthemiddleandeasternr,theprop%.In2001,eightministriesandgovernmentdepartments,includingtheStateEnvironmentalProtectionAdministrationandtheStateDevelopmentandPlanningCommission,carriedoutaninspection,whichdiscoveredthattherewasnofundamentalchangeinthestructuralpollutionalongtheHuaiRiver,anditwasespeciallydifficulttobring,52sewagedisposalplantsshouldbeconstructedintherivervalley,promotingco-ordinatedeconomicalongthewaterdiversionroutesAsahugecross-valleyandlong-distanceproject,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectmayinvolvestate-levelecologicalprotectionzonesoroftheseareas,,effortsshouldbemadetobringbenefitratherthanharmtotheareas,effectivelymaintaintheecologicalprotectionzonesandspeeduptheareasandtheconstructionofsmalltowns,resettlementanddevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesalongthe,themajorcausesofthedisasterincludedisrepairofthewaterconservancyprojectsandtheconstructionoftownshipandvillageenterpriseandprivatepremisesinsidetheflooddischargeandfloodstorageareas,,whileeffortsshouldbemadetoeffectivelyplanandprotecttheflooddischargeandstorageareas,relocatetheprivateandthetownshipandvillageenterprisepremisesfromtheareas,andincorporatetheeffortofconstructingsmalltownswiththatofacceleratingthedevelopmentof,effortsshouldbemadetoprotecttheimmediateinterestsofimmigrantsandensurethattheyarecontentwiththeirnewhousingandjobstopreventthemfromreturningtonativeplaces....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangXiaojiLongGuoqiangOpeningtotheoutsideworldisafundamentalstatepoebasisofsummarizingthesuccessfulexperienceofthepastandadaptingourselvestoeconomicglobalizationatthetimewhenChinaisapproachingaccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)isofimportantsignificancetocarryingoutChina’,Chinaimplementedthepolicyofopeningtotheoutsideworldanddidquitewellintakingadvantageofthefavorable,’sbasicexperienceinopeningtotheoutsideworldconsistsofthefollowing:First,nancialcrisistookplaceorwhentheinternationalsituationwasinturmoil,Chinapersistedinitsfundamentalpolicyofopeningto,Chinamadefulluseof“internationalanddomesticresourcesandmarkets”,activelyparticipatedintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,,,Chinaproperlycoordinatedinstitutionalrefo,thecountry’,themarketizationdomesticeconomyandthemajorrestructuringofforeigneconomicrelationsandtradeint,Chinaadoptedtimelystrategicmeasuresforfurtheropeni,itputforththe“strategyofexpandinginternationalmarketsharebyimprovingquality”,“marketdiversification”and“strategyofbroadly-basedforeigntradeandeconomiccooperation”.Furthermore,itpracticed“all-dimensional,multi-tieredandwide-rangingopeningtotheoutsideworld”.,Chinaconsistentlymainta,,struckagainstevasionofforeprinciplesguidingChina’conomicglobalizationasthebackdrop,Chinawillbe’seconomiclifeaswellasabasicpointofdeparturewhenweanalyz’sm,,oreandtheinternationalindustrialandtechnologicaltransferbringChinawithanhistoricopportunitytound,technologicalinnova’esintheinternationalstructureofdemandsthataretakingplacearoundtheworldandthusfailtocarryoutstructuraladjustmentdomesticallyandacceptinternationalindustrialtransfer,Chinawillfindthatitwillnotonlybeunabletoupgradeitsindustrialstructure,,thechangeintheaggregatesupplyanddemandpatternofthedomesticmarketcreatedfavorableconditionsforChinatograduallyopenitsdomesticionhaveyettobecompleted,insufficientdemandhascreatedtremenfteritsaccessiontoWTOandincreasetheshareChina’apitalandimportthoseresourcesan,whetherChinacantrulyreapthebenefitsofopeningitsmarkettotheoutsideworld,relaxingtherestrictionsontheentryofforeigncapital,andfurtherlinkinguptheinternationalanddomesticmarketswillenableChinatogiveplayonawi,thepresentdomesticmarketisstillplaguedbybarriersexistingbetweendifferentdepartmentsandbetweendifferentregions,iciesandestablishaunifiedlargemarketinthecountryduringthetransitionperiodafteraccessiontoWTOwilldirectlyaffectChina’soptimizationofresourcesallocationandeconomicdevelopment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhangZhongfa,ZuGuobuandLiYiNewrevolutionofagriculturalscienceandtechnologyisamassivehisingalongthedevelopmentofotherindustries,buildingofnewtechnologysystem,,fundamentallychangethemeansoffarmproducan-ruraldualisticstructureandpatternofresourcedistribution,reorganizescientificandeducationalresources,promotethedevelopmentofbothsciencemajorapplicabletech,especiallythatofagriculturalscienceandbiologicalscienceandthebuildingofnewscien,onthisbasis,makefulluseofChina’sfeaturesandadvantagesinachie:Closelycenteringaroundthedemandofagriculturetowardsscienceandtechnologyatthisnewstage,weshouldstresshigh-quality,high-yieldandhigh-efficiencyagricultureonthebasisoftheoriginalyield-raisingtechnologies;increasefarmers’income;guaranteefoodsecurity;protectecologicalenvironment;ajorcommontechnologiesandhigh-techswouldbeachieved,alargenumberoftalentbebroughtup,alargebatchofinternationallyadvancedscientificbases,weshouldplaceouremphasisonthefollowingaspects:Weshouldfocusoureffortonthebreedingofspecialandnewhigh-qualityanimalandplantvarietiestopusandryandfishery,stepupbasicfarmlandconstructionandfarmingfacilityconstruction,especiallyinwaterconservancy,raisingthefertilityofsoil,improvingmiddle-andlow-’calenvironment,desertandsandtreatment,artificialcontrol,thforruraleconomy,,industrialupgradingandindustrializedoperationwhileextendingtheagricultureintoa,,informationtechnologyandotherhigh-techs,theindustri,particularlyofthewesternandcentralregions,shouldbestressed,,transferringthetechnologiestothewestbringsahistoricopportunitytowesternareas,,suchasthebreedingofnewvarietiesofanimalsandplants,mayyieldfastandmajorresultsduetoChina’eapplicationofscienceandtechnologywillbelaunchedtomakecomprehensiveuseofscienceandtechnologyanheagriculturewiththesameamountofresourcesbyplayingtheroleoftransferringandsubstitut(1)Transferringthetrad%(equivalenttoone-thirdoftheproductioncapability).Theirrigationwateruserateisonly30-40%’t,"preciseagriculture"isadoptedtomakeouragriculturetransfertowardsknowledge-intensive,technology-intensiveandresource-savingagricultureandrealizefundamentalchangeinmechanism,theseitemsalonewillmeetthebasicneedofnewagriculturalscienceandtechnologyrevolutionandnewroundoffastgrowthofagriculture.(2)Transferringthetradgepopulation,(3)Transferrin"graincrops–economiccrops’’willbechangedto"graincrops–foddercrops–economiccrops".Thisisanimportantwaytot,,,,,(4)Transferringthetraditionalarablelanddevelopme’svasthills,grassland,freshwater,seaandbeachescanallbeusedtodevelopdifferenttypesofagriculture,,wecanalsodevelopagriculturalindustriesthatareevernewtothehumanbeingsandhaveboundlessprospects.(5)Transferringthetraditionalsimplefarmproductpro,thefarmproductswillbeutilizedat,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以GeYanfengResearchReportNo83,2001Theissueofincomedistribution,however,istheobviousdisagreementintheanalysisandjudgmentarenteffectsengendered;itisthereforen,theoutstandingprobleminincomedistributionhadbeenegalitarianismcausedbythesystemofcen,therewasnotonlytheproblemofegalitarianismleftoverfromthesystemofcentrallyplannedincomedistribution,butalsothatofwideningincomegaparisingfromtheeconomicsystemreformandthemajorchangeinincomedistribution,,whatistheoutstandingproblem–egalitarianismandwideningincomegap,coexistatpresentandtheyareratheracute;,differencebetweentwojudgmentsactuallyconcentratesontheproblemofegalitarianism,thatis,,theproblemofegalitarianism,particularlytheminorincomegapinandamongthestate-owneddepartments,ismostoutstanding,,judgingfromthegeneralsituation,theboomingnon-statesectors,bothinthecountrysideandcities,decidetheirincomedistributionmechanismbymarketcompetition,andwiththeincomegapwidened,,asthereformadvances,state-ownedenterpriseshaveessentiallyestablishedtheirroleaskeymarketplayers,aduallywidening,andinsomeenterprises,,onecanhardlyjumptotheconclusionthategali,thedistributionsystemcharacterizedbyegalitarianismthatwecouldseeisthebasicwagedistributionmainlyingovernmentdepartments,,however,isthatthebasicwagesconstituteasmallportionofincome,andtherearestillotherformsofdistributionasnon-wagecashdistr,itisalsodifficulitarianisminincomedistribution,sometendtoadvocatethegovernment’sspeedingupwagereformsinthestate-ownedsectors,orinsimplewords,furtherwideningthewagedistributiongapwithanaimtosolvethetate-ownedsectorsisconsideredaproblem,suchanproposalasdi,,inprinciple,relyonincreasingthetotalpayroll,furtheriillintheloss-makingstatusmanylocalgovernmentshavefinancialdifficulties,itishardtopredictifthereissufficientcapabilitytomakesuchadjustmentorwhatconse,itishighlypos,non-wagecashincomeandnon-cashincomeinvariousformsmakealargeandunevenproportioninthetotalincomedistribution,,thedifference,bigorsmall,,itishig,theincomedistributioninthestate-ownedandstateholdingenterprisesinthecompetitivefieldsshallbegraduallyliberalizedonthebasisofdiversifiedstockrightsandimprovementintheinternalcorporategovernance,utionofenterprises,itwouldbedetrimentaltotherelationshipbetweenthegovernmentandenterprises,neitherwillitbeconstructivet,itishighlyposs,institutionsandindustrieswithnaturalmonopolyshouldbecontrolledbythegovernment,butsuchcontrolandtheextentofcontrolmustbedecidedwithreferencetosuchfactorsassocialaveragewagesonthebasisofintroducinginte,simplyimposingwagecontrolisextremelyundesirableforvariousreformmeasures,,,itisobviousthatpublicattentionconcentratesontheproblemofthewideningincomegap,,itisabsolutelyunwisetoregardas,itshouldbeconductedonthebasisofathoroughreformofpersonnelsystemanddistributionmethods(suchasfullmonetizationofincomeandanadequatetruthfulnessofwages).anceofthesocietySincetheadoptionofreformandopeninguppolicy,thewideningincomegapamongresidentsand,ther,leranceofsociety,toapproachtheextremelimitofunacceptabilitybythesociety,,theestimatedGinicoefficient(withurbanandruralcombined)’incomeandurbanincomeandseriousstatisticalerrorsinhighincomesandillegalincomes,,socialc,awideincomegapinevitablymeanspovertyforsomepeople,orevenalargeproportionofthesocialmembers,,weshouldbeonthefullalertforthecurrentobjectiveincomegap,letaloneotherfactors....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、传奇线上正网用户至上好运城AB视讯,2002Inrecentyears,alongwiththeexpansionoftheroleofprivateenterprisesinlocaleconomicdevelopment,localgovernmentsaregivingmoreandmoreattentiontothectiveprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterpr,eventsofencroachmentonthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesremaincommonandserious,,problemsrelatingtotheprotectionofthelegitimaterightsandinterestsofprivateenterprisesmainlytakethefollowingforms::DifficultmanagementafterpurchaseBasedontheinvestigationofrelevantdepartmentsincludingtheFederationofIndustryandCommerceofAnhuiProvince,inSeptember1998,HaitianGroup,aprivateenterpriseinMa,HaitianGroupwastobuyoverMaAnShanRubberPlant,abankruptenterprise,,,butmostofthemdidnotsinouncements,itstoppedissuingwagesfortheseworkersandstaffsinceJunethenextyear,resultingina,thecompanyreissuedthewagesoftheabsentworkersandstaffaccordingtotheopinionofthecoordina,astheworkersandstaffdidnotchangetheir"bigpot"mindset,theconfrontationalmooddidnotsubside,,theworkersandstaffappealedto,theChemicalIndustryBureauofthecityinformedHaitianGroupinwriting,askingHaitianGrouptowithdrawfromHaixiangCompany,,theChemicalIndustryBureau,backedupbythecityleaders,appealedtothecou,:Privateenterprises’,duetovariousconstrainingfactors,privateenterprise,butonceprivateenterpriseswanttopurchasethem,enbeinglaidoff,butoncetheirenterprisesaretobepurchasedbyormergedwithprivateenterprises,theybecomeprovocativeandtouchy,,thegovernmentusuallytriestomaintainst:GovernmentconstructionprojectstrangledaprivateenterpriseinGuiyangGuiyangXinghuaFerroalloyPlantisaprivate,thesittingofthenewGuiyangairportin,atthespecialmeetingpresidedoverbyavicemayor(concurrentdeputycommanderfortheconstructionoftheLongdongbaoAirport)ofGuiyang,,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantmustcompleteitsmovebeforeMarch1996;aspecialworkinggroupforthemovingwouldbeestablishedtooverseetheimplementation;andasXinghuaFerroalloyPlantenjoyedgoodeconomicresults,,theworkinggroupforthemovingrelayedtheideaofthespecialmeetingtoXinghuaFerroalloyPlant,(1995)ofHuaxiDistrictG,XinghuaFerroalloyPlantimmediatelystoppedbusinessactivitiesands,theplantconductedassetassessmentaccordingtolegalprocedures,formulatedthebudgetreportforreorgani,aftertheplantstoppedproduction,ibilityamongthem,,themovingfeeswereembezzledbycertainleadersforrenovatingbuildingsinthe,theplantreportedtotheprovincialgovernmentofGuizhouandobtai,,,,,themanagementofXinghuaFebur,theairportthenclaimedthatthesiteoftheplantwaswithintheclearancezoneoftheairportandits,theheadofenvironmentalprotectionbureauofHuaxiDistrictGovernmentofGuiyangCitycametotheplantwithsomeotherpeopleandannou,leadingtodirecteconomiclossesofoverRMB400,,theplantisstilltr:Thiscase,theimportantdecisiontomovetheplantfromitsexitingsite,whichrelatedtoenterprisesurvival,roup"relayedtheideaofthespecialmeeting"toitandwas"demandedtoimplementaccordingtotherequirementscontainedinthedocument".Second,aftertheenterprisestoppedproduction,thedepartmentsconcerneddidnottrytosolveitsactualproblems,,whentheenterprisehadtoresumeproductiontosaveitselffouryearsafterproductionstopped,apieceofhand-writtenpaperofthechiefofthedistrictenvironmentalprotectwithforeigninvestment,coulditbetreatedinthatwayComparedwiththesetwotypesofenterprises,privateenterprisesapparentlycouldnotnegotiatewithgovernmentdepartmentsontheirexistingstatus,andtheirrightsandinterestsarenothinginfrontofgovernmentdocuments....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,ChenXiwenAgricultureandruraleconotedatthecentralgovernment,promotingscientificandtechnologicalprogressaswellasdevelopingindustrializedmanagementinagriculture,withtargetofincreasingfarmers,theagriculturalproductionisplaguedbyseveredrought,whichdamagedsum,thestructuraladjustmenthascontinued,withfocusonoptimizingbreeds,reducinggraincropsandexpandingcashcrops.(1)Grains:Itisinevitabletoseeareductioninsummergraincropsa,thesownareaofsummergraincropsis424millionmu,(statisticsfromtheMinistryofAgr).BytheendofMaytheareaofsummergraincropshitbydroughthadreached130millionmu,ain,(theMi).Itisestimatedthatthesownareaofearlyricewillbe92millionmu,adecreaseofover9millionmucomparedwiththepreviousyear,whileitsestimatedoutputwillbe64billionjin,,,duetotheseveredroughtinthenorth,especiallyinNortheastandeasternInnerMongoliathathadlatesowingtime,,thedrought-hi,whichalleviatedthedroughtinsomeareas,,ifthedroughtinthenorthcannotbealleviatedinthenearfuture,autumngraincrops,especiallythecornintheNortheastandNorthwillsufferfautumngraincrops,itisestimatedthatthetotalgrainoutputinthewholenationwillreach900billionjin,about20billionjinlessthanthepreviousyear.(2)Cashcrops:AreaofcashcropstoexpandcontinuouslyandsomeproductstohavesurplussupplyoverdemandTheestimatedsummerrapeseedareaof115millionmuwillshowanincreaseofover2millionmuoverthepreviousyear,,whichwillrecordanincreaseofover11millionmuoverthepreviousyear,whiletheareaofoil-,,whiletheestimatedareaofvegetableswillreach248millionmu,ottonwillcontinuetoincreaseproductionbylargemarginonthebasisofnearly600,000tonsinthepreviousyear,whoseestimatedtotaloutputwillbe5to6milliontonswithsupplyoverdemand;,andsincethefirstquarterthisyear,however,farmershavewitnessedreductionintheirincomedespiteincreasedsales.(3)Livestockproductsandaquaticproducts:stableincreaseandslightchangeinstructureInviewofthefactthatthepriceofpigsstartedtopickupfromthelatterhalfoflastyear,fromJanuarytoMaythisyearthepriceofthemainlivestockproducts,anexceed20milliontons,,muttonandpoultrymeatwillcontinuetobehigherthanthatofpork,meanwhiletheoutputofpoultryeggswillreportslightdecrease,irsthalfofthepreviousyear....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.WangMengkuiThankstomorethantwodecadesofreformanddevelopment,China’ssociety,,:theopeninghascoveredallareasinsteadoflimitedareas,hasbeenconductedinkeepingwithlong-termdevelopmentgoalsandinternationalpracticesinsteadofshort-termneeds,andhasbeentarget,theinter,withtheprocessofi:First,theproportionsoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustrieshavedemonstratedavisiblechange,f,whileagriculturepostedrapidgrowthandthesupplyofagriculturalproductsrealizedahistoricchangecharacterizedbyabasicaggregatebalanceandasurplusingoodyears,,,the“bottlenecks”thathadlongconstrainedChina’seconomicdevelopment,suchasrawmaterials,energyandtransport,werebasicallyeased,,whilethetotalpopulationincreasedby300millionduringthisperiod,,,thecontributionsofstructuraladjustmentsandscientificadvancehavebecomemorevisible,theindustriesofhighandnewtechnologieshavebecomeamajordrivingforceforthegrowthofindustriesandeventheentireeconomy,,whiletheexportofprimaryproductssuchasagriculturalproductshasexpandedrapidly,theyacco,,,theproductsofhig’sindustrialstructure,manufacturingcapacityandexportstructure,960sbyChannery,WorldBankeconomist,areconvertedintothe1998rates,thepercapitaGDPattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe1,200-2,,,thepercapitafigureattheinitialstageofindustrializationshouldbe3,010-5,,’,,theChineseeconomygrewatanaverageannualrateofmorethan9percent,,itspercapitaGDPquadrupledduringthisperiod,which’slivelihoodhasrealizedtwohistoricaltransitions,namelyfr,“overall”becauseChinastillhas30millionpeoplewhoarenothavingenoughtoeatandclothe,agreaternumberofpeoplehavenotbeenbetteroffeventhoughtheyhaveenoughtoeatandclothe,,aconsiderablenumberofpe,wemayconcludethatChinahascompletedthefirsttwoofthe“threesteps”,“threesteps”do,orbythemiddleofthiscentury,,“aggregateamount”and“percapitaamount”.In2000,China’sGDPreached8,,whichwasequivalenttomorethan1,“denominator”istoolarge,thepercapitaamountislessthan1,,’seconomicaggregat,ifcalculatedinpurchasepowerparity(internationalcommonprice),:’seconomywouldbe3,,,rparity,Chinahasbecometheworld’ssecondlargesteconomy,,themethodbasedonthepurchasingpowerparityisimperfect,,both“aggregate”and“percapitaamount”areimportantindicatorsforexaminingacountry’thecountryhasaconsiderableeconomicstrength;thefactthatthepercapitaamountissmallmeansChinaisstillarelativelypoorcountry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORLuWeiSincethetrialworkoncreditguaranteeforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)wasstartedinlate1998,pes,whichformaSMEcreditguaranteesystem,mainlyfundedbyfiscalrevenueatthelevelsofprovince,municipality,autonomousregionandcounty,supple,creditguaranteeinstitutionshavelaunchedavaluableexperimentonhowtooffercreditguaranteetoSMEsandhaveplayedanot,,thegovernmentsatvari,,thescaleofguaranteecommutationfundisnotlargeenough,,ontheonehand,theguaranteescalecannotbeexpanded,andontheother,banksdonothaveconfidenceinsu,the,inadequatesuppl,anteetargets,whileothershaveevencom,orprovideguaranteeforloanswithspeculativepurposes,dustry,theycanbesolvedbyintensifying,itisapressingtasktoconsummatethecreditguareforSMEsmainlytakestwoforms:,natureandm(1)OrganizationalformofpolicyguaranteeinstitutionfundedbygovernmentAccordingtointernationalpractice,government-fu),theSmallBusinessAuthorities(SBA),withitsjurisdictionandf),JapansCreditGuaranteeTreasuryforSMEsisaspesAssociationforCreditGuarannddonationsbylocalgovernments,publicassociationsandfinancialinstitu,thecreditguaranteefundforSMEshascapitalfromdonationsbythelocalauthoritiesandrelevantfinancialinstitutions,withtheformeraccountingfor80%,whichcoversitsoperationalexpensesandcomm,,whilethe’),thecreditguaranteeinstitut,suchasAustrianFinancialGuaranteeCompany,andothersarecompanieswithmixedpolicyandcommercialguarantee,),theEuropeanCommunityCommissione,theuseoffunds,thesharingprincipleofcostandlossaswellastheformofcapitalinjection.(2)Characteristicsofthemanagementofpolicyguaranteeinstitutionsa)theirfunds,suchastheAmerica’sActonSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises,LawofJapansAssociationforCreditGuaranteeandLawofJapan’,andthenature,administrationmode,businessscope,guaranteetargetsofguaranteeinstitutions,),theCongressapprovestheannualbudgeteachyearinlightofth,theguaranteelossincurredbytheguaranteeassociationisrepaidb,whenthecreditguaranteecompanyhastoindemnifyanylossunderpolicyguarantee,thelosswillbedirguaranteeagenciescanoperateontheirown....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ishedinearly80swhichwasoneoftheproductsofeconomicreformandopeningtotheoutsideworldofChinainthelate70,thepurposeofstudyingandapplicaeldwiththecontriretechnicaldifficultiestogetexactresultsfromeconomicmathematicalmodeling,thisissuecanbeseenclearlyfromthecriticismgivenbyKeynestothepioneeringresearchofmacroeconomicmodelofTinbergen,thattherewereproblemsofmissclassification,multi-collinearityfunctionalform,dynamicspecification,structuralstability,andthediasedoncertaineconomictheory,whilethetransitionaleconomicsoftheformerCentralp,wehavetherecognitionthat"Mathematicalmodelsareimportanttookofforecastingandpolicyanalysis,"Thatis:thefirstpartwillgiveabriefretrospectofthepolicymodelingprojectsthathadbeendonebyuswithinthecontextofbackgrghlydividedintotwoperiodsbaseduponthebroadco(1982-1990)Inthisperiod,Chinaisintheinitialstageofeconomicreformandopening,s(1)Thefirstpioneeringefforttotheapplicationofmathematicalmodelinginpolicyanalysiswasincorporatedintheprojectof"ComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince".ThisprojectwasassignedbytheCentralenerythattheearliestformofpolicyanalysisinunderdevelopedcountrieswastypicallydescribedas"developmentplanning,sinceoneofitsp,sinceitisaftertakentoimplygreatergovernmentcontrolofeconomicactivity."Infact,itiswellknowngloballythatagradua,intheprojectof"ComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince",Chinahadn,andtheonlyavailablepolicyinstrumentwas"Investmentallocation".:thefirst,theplanningperiodisextendedto20years(1981-2000)comparedtopastpracticeof5-yearplanningperiod,thesecond,ourCenterhadtheprivilegetoorganizevariousgovernmentorganizations,researc,,ThecomprehensiveplanningofShanxiprovince,investmentoncoalsector,electricindustrialplanning,waterresourceutilization,optimalplantation,populationmodel,environmentalprojectionandplanning,educationplanningandprojection,investmentonscienceandresearch,inputoutputoflightindustry,,econometrics,statevectordifferentialequation,linearprogramming,multiplegoalprogramming,decisionanalysisetc.(2)Theresultwasfinallyeditedintoabooktitled"CompilationofEconomicMathematicalModelsofComprehensivePlanningofShanxiProvince."Thispiariousmathematicaltoolstotheeconomicpolicyanalysis,ateamand,theimportanttypesofinteractionamongthepolicyvariables(objectivesandinstruments)andtheconstraintsontheeconomicsystemofShanxiprovincehadbeencorrectlyidentifiedinthespecificationoftheplanningmodel.(3)Duetothenascentstageofeconomicmathematicalmodeling,andalsoweunderstandthekeyissueofeconomicmathematicalmodelingisaninterdisciplinarystudybetweeneconomics,fferentbackground,automation,,itiscommentedintheprefaceoftheaboveeditionthat"Economicmodelingandmathematical"model",statisticaltable,,"model"observationofeconomicphenomena,withappropriateanalysisandsynthesistounderstandclearlytheinterrelationshipofvariablesofvariouseconomicactivity,tocomparethiswithestablishedtheory,andexpresstheserelationshipwithappropriatemathematics."(4)ProjectEvaluationThequestionofhowtoallocateinvestmentandotherscarceresourcesamongsectorsandprojectswasalsoanurgentissueofdevelopmentpolicyfFeasibilityStudyofIndustrialProjects".Wehadorganizedameetinginnationalscale,andabookhadalsobeenpublished.(Reference2)(1)Chil,wehadgottheawarenesstheweaknessoftraditionalSovietmodeloftheplanningsystemwhichbecameinappropriateincurrentstageofChina"InthecaseofRussiaandChina,attheoutsetpredominantlyagrarianeconomieswherethemajorityofcitizenswereilliterate,thetransformationtoanindu,oncetheseeconomiesenteredintermediateorhigherstagesofdevelopmentandresourceallocationchoicesbecamemorecomplicatedwasunabletocope."Therefore,inthenationalpriorityprojectof"ChinatowardtheYear2000"initiatedin1983andcompletedin1985,astrategicdevelopmentplanningwasdevel:Macro-EconomicModelProjectionsofChinatowardtheyear2000andSummaryofDataofChinaTowardtheYear2000.(2)China:EconomicDevelopmentandModelingFourteenmodelshadbeenpreparedintheproject,whichcoveredthestudyofdevelopmentstrategyandpolicyanalysis,macro-economicmodelwithapplicationofeconometrics,macro-economicmodelbaseduponproductionfunctionandanalysisofTFP,populationandcoordinatedeconomicdevelopmentplanningmodel,quantitativeanalysisofeconomicstructures,reproductionoftwomajorsectors,longtermtrendofdevelopmentmodel,I-applicationofsystemdynamics,longtermtrendofdevelopmentmodel,II-Chinassocialeconomicdevelopmentmodel,mediumandlongtermmacro-economicmodel,educationplanningmathematicalmodel,energysystemplanninganddecisionmodel,energydemandmodel,Chinasenvironmentalprojectionmodel,(Seereference3).Thisprojectrepresentsthepolicymodelingw-(1),inaddition,licationofmathematicalmodelinginthenationalexhibitionofcomputerapplication....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--riodafterChina’sEntryintotheWTOGeYanfengVariouscontradictionsinChina’semploymentsectorhavebecomeextremelydominantinrecentyearsandhaveseriouslyaffectedthecountry’,howChina’semplo,ChinasentryintotheWTOwillbringaboutlastingprosperityofitseconomyandfacilitatetheperfectionofitsmarketeconomicsystem,whichwill,however,afterChinaacceptedatpresent,ChinasentryintotheWTOwill,China’semploymentsituationinthetransitionalperiodafteritsentryintotheWTOdoesnotallowmuchoptimismwhenthecountry,withthegradualbreakingdownoftradebarriers,Chinawillenterastageofeconomicdevelopmentthatismoreopenandinvolvesfiercercompetition,andatremendouschangewilltakeplaceinthemodeofitseconomicgrowth,andontheotherhand,technicaladvancementwillgraduallybecomeamajorforcedrivingupeconomicgrowthan,theroleofGDPgrowthinstimulat’shiddenemploymentwillsurf’sentryintotheWTO,domesticmarketpriceswillfureofagriculture,declineinthepricesoffarmproducewillaffecttheincomeoffarmers,surbanareaswhereenterprisereformhasresultedinadrasticcutofsurpluslaborers,yetsuchsurpluspersonnelinstate-ownedenterprisesandcollectively-ownedtownshipenterprisesstillremainat20%ormoreaccordingtoaconservative’sentryintotheWTOandwiththeintensificationofcompetition,risesexposedtoheavierpressurefromimportcompetition,andthosewithrelative’sentryintotheWTO,thenumberofemployeestob’semberofbigcitiesin1997,andtheanalysisoftherelevantdataandindexesof1997and1998,therealunemploymentrateinurbanareaswasbetween13%and15%in1997and1998whenthenumbersofthejoblessandlaid-offworkerswereincluded.*ThespeedofChinaseconomicgrowthhasnoticeablypickedupsince1999,,therealunemploymentratestillstandsaround10%sentryintotheWTO,unemploymentwillturnfromhiddentovisibletoalargeextent,anditwillbemostpossibletoseeChina’sunemploymentratesurpass15%sentryintotheWTO,itseconomyupplyanddemandoflaborforcesindiff,swiftdevelopmentwillberegisteredinsuchsectorsasfinance,insurance,telecommunications,anddistributionaswellassomehi-techenterprises,,clothing,co,agreatmanycapitalandtechnology-intensiveindustriesthathavebeendevelopedtoboostproductionofimportsubstitutes,suchasmetallurgy,automobile,machine-building,pharmaceutics,andchemicals,mayinevitablysufferandhavetocutemployeesinlargenumberechnicalfoundation,ahigherdegreeofopenness,andobviousregionalsuperioritymayexpecttoseerelativelyfaster,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesinthecentralandwesternregions,wheresmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithbackwardtechnologyandequipmentareconcentrated,theywillmeetevengreate,state-ownedenterpriseswillhaveamorethornyburdenofredundantemployeesandfaceaheaviertaskofstructuralreadjustmentanddivertingredundantworkersafterChina,thenon-statesectorwillhavemoreroomfor,forseveralyearsafteritsentryintotheWTO,Chinawillbeencounteredwithaverytoughcontradictionofstructuralemployment,andunemploymentwouldbeextraordinarilysevereinspecialindustries,oldindustrialbases,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesincentralandwesternregionsaswelketandbecomeunemployedforlongperiodoftime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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